Building Shelters

Maybe you've heard of the rule of 3's.

A human can survive without shelter for 3 hours, without water for 3 days, and without food for 3 weeks.

Shelter is crucial, and can save your life. Sometimes knowledge is the only tool you have in an emergency situation.

Listed below are examples of different shelters and how to make them.

Important to know -- You may not be able to stay completely dry, and resources may be limited.

These steps can help:

  • Elevate your bed: No matter what your environment is, you should always elevate your bed off the ground if you can. Not only is it an important part of staying dry, but there are bugs to worry about as well.

  • Find coverage: If you’re lucky, you may be able to find natural coverage and protection from the rain. Large trees and caves can be a lifesaver if you don’t have the natural resources or time to build your own shelter.

No tools required: Debris Survival Shelter

Tarp Shelters

A-Frame Shelter -- An A-frame shelter is triangular in shape and typically utilizes tools such as sticks, rope, and a tarp. It provides protection from sun, rain, and wind, but provides little assistance in terms of insulation or warmth.

Partial Wing Shelter -- When combined with a fire, a partial wing can provide you with the protection and warmth needed to survive in nature for a brief period. It’s best to use a tarp wing as a temporary structure while you build a larger one.

Wedge Tarp

A wedge tarp is ideal for windy conditions and can be created with limited natural resources. By staking or tying down the corners of your tarp and propping up the center section, you can create a makeshift shelter in no time at all. Creating a wedge tarp is one of the many uses of a paracord if you have one handy.

Tarp Burrito

If all you have is a tarp and there aren’t any tools or resources to help you build your ideal structure, a tarp burrito will do the trick. Simply roll yourself up in a “burrito” with your tarp and try to cover as much of your body as possible. Lay down leaves, moss, and soft branches underneath your tarp to enhance insulation.

Tools Required: Ax, Rope, Tarps, Insulation Mats

Round Lodge

Structurally, the round shelter is quite similar to a tipi. However, a round lodge has the potential for a solid doorway and slightly better insulation. One of the greatest benefits of a round lodge is that it can accommodate for a smoke hole at the top.

Pick a shelter type and try it for yourself! 

Sources: Uncharted Supply Co.